The 12th Meeting of the International Advisory Committee (IAC) of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Memory of the World Programme was took place from 4 to 6 October 2015 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. According to the introduction of Mr. Zhu Chengshan, the Director of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders, who went to Abu Dhabi together with the Chinese archival delegations, we get to know that during the meeting, 14 members from IAC had a discussion on the new round of nominations of the Memory of the World Register, then handed their recommended name list to the UNESCO and waited for the final result. On the evening of 9th (current local time in France), the UNESCO announced that the Documents of Nanjing Massacre was inscribed on the Memory of the World Register.


On December 13th 1937, Japanese invaders attacked and occupied Nanjing city. They drenched more than 300,000 barehanded civilians and disarmed soldiers in a bloodbath during the following month and more. This is the brutal Nanjing Massacre. In the international historical field, Nanjing Massacre, Auschwitz Concentration Camp and Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were called the three major tragedies in the history of World War II.


“This is a fair conclusion, is conducive to better protect the history of the Nanjing Massacre” Mr. Zhu Chengshan expressed. All of the 11 sets of documents relating to Nanjing Massacre are the first-hand historical materials that recorded Nanjing Massacre by Japanese invaders, possessing authority, authenticity and uniqueness beyond any adult, which plays an extremely important role on studying the history of the year.


According to the information, in the name of Chinese National Committee of the Memory of the World, State Archives Administration officially submitted the nomination of the Documents of Nanjing Massacre to the UNESCO’s Memory of the World secretariat. The Central Archives of China, the Second Historical Archives of China, Liaoning Provincial Archives, Jilin Provincial Archives, Shanghai Municipal Archives, Nanjing Municipal Archives and the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders submitted the documents together.


These 11 sets of the documents of Nanjing Massacre which were nominated on the Memory of the World Register are all the most typical files, including the diary of Ms. Cheng Ruifang (Tsen Shui-fang), warden of Ginling Women’s College of Arts and Sciences who was serving at International Safety Zone; the sixteen mm film camera and its processing photographic film by American priest Mr. John Magee; 16 photos concerning Japanese invaders slaughtering civilians, molesting and raping Chinese women which were took by themselves and preserved by Nanjing citizen Mr. Luo Jin; photos exposed the atrocities of Japanese soldiers, which were submitted to Nanjing temporary council by Chinese person Mr. Wu Xuan; the original verdict on judging of Japanese war criminal Tani Hisao by Nanjing Military Tribunal; testimony by American Mr. Miner Searle Bates at Nanjing Military Tribunal; testimony by Mrs. Li Xiuying, the survivor from Nanjing Massacre; questionnaire of committee on investigating crimes of Japanese enemies about Nanjing Massacre by Nanjing temporary council; evidence of crime investigated by Nanjing Military Tribunal; civilian petitions on Nanjing Massacre; foreigners’ diaries--occupying Nanjing, description of witness.


UNESCO launched the Memory of the World Heritage which was also called Memory of the World Programme or Archive of World Heritage in 1992 to preserve documentary heritages. The purpose of the program is to rescue the global documentary records which are gradually aging, damaging and disappearing through international cooperation and using the best technical means so as to make the human memory more complete. Nine documentary heritages submitted by China and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register include Golden Lists of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Examination, Ancient Naxi Dongba Literature Manuscripts, Ben Cao Gang Mu (Compendium of Materia Medica), Huang Di Nei Jing (Yellow Emperor’s Inner Cannon) and so on.


Documents of Nanjing Massacre Inscribed on Memory of the World Register

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2015-10-12

Updated